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When treating an injury of any kind, it is paramount to first identify the type and severity of the wound. When determining the proper care for bruises, once identified, it is critical that the proper steps be taken to treat the injury effectively and efficiently. After all, bruises can last for weeks—or even months. Patients suffering from diabetes or poor circulation have even more difficulty with wound healing.
Bruises are the result of hard impact. The impact causes an injury to the tissue beneath the skin, and blood from the injury settles near the skin. Bruises will initially turn red—then black, blue or purple—until eventually transitioning to green or yellow as the area heals.
Wounds are typically categorized into four different stages that help standardize the severity of the injuries. Many non-penetrating wounds are also accompanied by bruising, which makes it critical to identify the severity and stage of the wound—along with the type and classification of bruising—to determine the appropriate level of treatment.
Following the initial period of RICE (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) treatment for bruising, it has been shown that mobilization of the muscles or joints near the bruised area may dramatically reduce recovery time. Kayal Orthopaedic Center may also use MLS Laser Therapy to speed healing and reduce the painful effects of bruising at an injury or surgical site. Laser therapy relaxes smooth muscle cells, which allows blood vessels to widen. In addition, laser techniques are painless, improve lymphatic drainage and promote an anti-edema effect.