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Tendinitis is the inflammation and swelling of a tendon, which is the structure that connects to muscle to bone. While tendinitis can occur in any of your body’s tendons, it most notably develops in your shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees and heels.
The most common causes of tendinitis include:
Though athletes are most frequently affected by this condition, individuals whose jobs or hobbies involve the occurrence of specific repetitive motions, such as gardening, painting, knitting, etc. are just as prone to developing tendinitis.
Because tendinitis can develop in various areas of the body, the symptom’s severity can range from a minor ache to an extreme, shooting pain throughout the joint. Common symptoms include:
Typically, our physicians can diagnose tendinitis by listening to the patient’s description of discomfort and conducting a physical examination of the affected area, looking for inflammation and tenderness. Using applied resistance, our physicians can further assess the affected area to measure the patient’s austerity of pain and mobility limitations. Our physicians may order an X-ray or other imaging tests for additional diagnosis confirmation and to evaluate the severity of the condition.
Once a diagnosis has been made, the first step of tendinitis treatment is to discontinue the activity or repetitive motion that was determined to be causing the condition to develop.To reduce inflammation and swelling, our physicians may recommend the use of a splint or brace to immobilize the affected area. Other non-invasive treatments include taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications to reduce inflammation and ease pain, and engaging in physical therapy to stretch and strengthen muscles and tendons.For instances where non-invasive treatments fail to resolve tendinitis, our sports medicine specialists may perform steroidal injection into the affected area to accelerate healing.In severe cases, our physicians may recommend minimally invasive surgery to remove the inflamed tissue.