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Home » Conditions » Intoeing


Straightforward Treatment for a Straightforward Walk

Commonly referred to as a “pigeon-toe,” intoeing is a congenital condition in which the toes and feet are turned inward, rather than straight forward. Though this condition frequently dissipates on its own in time, there are cases where children continuously struggle with intoeing’s lasting effects well into their later childhood years.



There are three main causes of intoeing:

  • Metatarsus adductus. A curved foot caused by being pressed into a rounded position while growing inside the uterus. As the child matures, the curve should straighten out naturally.
  • Internal tibial torsion. A twisted tibia, or shinbone, is normal for babies and typically straightens out within the first year after birth—but intoeing becomes a concern when this twisted shinbone doesn’t straighten out by the time the child begins to walk, prohibiting the feet from properly pointing forward while walking.
  • Excess femoral anteversion. All babies are born with some form of an inward twisting femur. Only does it become a concern when the thighbone remains twisted as the child grows and becomes more active.


Pinpoint your pain.

Because of intoeing’s substantial abnormal physical appearance, the condition’s symptoms reflect its exterior form:

  • Crescent moon-shaped feet
  • Inward turned shins or thighbones
  • Presence of pain or swelling in the feet and ankles
  • Development of limping as the condition progresses
  • Tripping, unusual clumsiness, and other walking complications


Get the answers you need.

If pain, swelling, or a steady limp continues throughout the later years of childhood, contact the podiatric experts at Kayal Orthopaedic Center. Our physicians will provide a physical examination, diagnostic testing to evaluate the alignment of your child’s leg bones, and a standard X-ray or X-ray video to observe the child’s leg bones while in motion to come to an effective treatment solution.



Life’s too short to put up with pain.

In time, most intoeing conditions will heal and correct themselves. However, more severe cases may require further treatment. Oftentimes, if a baby between 6 and 9 months has a drastic case of intoeing with rigid or severely deformed feet, a cast or a pair of corrective shoes will be used to realign the feet, reduce the pain, and may be the only treatment the child will need. But, if intoeing does not dissipate with age or worsens as the child matures, our physicians are able to evaluate the patient and provide the proper treatment, based on the condition type and its severity.

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