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A labrum is a soft, fibrous section of cartilage that surrounds the hip or shoulder socket. The labrum helps to stabilize joints, provide cushioning and attach ligaments, which allows for movement and flexibility. Sudden twisting or pivoting movements often causes a hip labral tear. In addition to these acute labrum tears, athletes can also suffer from a labrum degenerating over time, due to wear-and-tear. While athletes alone do not experience labral tears, sports activities are common causes of these injuries.
Labral tear symptoms include pain, usually in the groin, a “catching” sensation, grinding of the joint and limited motion.
Diagnosis involves a physical examination to identify stiffness, limited range of motion, and areas of pain and inflammation. In addition, a CT scan or MRI may be used to identify labral tears.
For minor tears, rest and conservative treatments, such as physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medications and cortisone injections, may be sufficient for successful pain relief.However, in more severe injuries, the orthopaedic physicians at Kayal Orthopaedic Center conduct minimally invasive surgery to shave off or remove torn pieces of labrum. Your orthopaedic surgeon may also prescribe physical therapy after surgery to accelerate your healing and help you regain strength and endurance.