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Home » Conditions »
A bunion is a common foot deformity that’s characterized by a bump on the side of the big toe. In that characteristic “bump,” you are actually seeing the effect of additional bone formation in the joint and a mechanical misalignment of the big toe. A bunion causes the big toe to angle toward the smaller toes.
As the bump grows in prominence so does the pain, making it increasingly difficult for affected individuals to walk or wear shoes in later stages of the condition.
Individuals that wear ill-fitting shoes, particularly tight-fitting and high-heeled shoes, are more susceptible to developing bunions. Some inherited factors may predispose certain people to the formation of bunions, as well, including congenital abnormalities in bone formation, rheumatoid arthritis, nerve conditions and injury.
Though a visible bump on the side of the big toe is the most apparent symptom, there are several other indications that signal a bunion’s presence. These symptoms include:
In order to diagnose you properly, your doctor will consider your symptoms, examine your feet, and take X-rays to get a clearer view of the alignment of your toes and the condition of the joints in your feet.
Often, bunions are treated through nonsurgical treatment methods, which focus on reducing the pain and halting the bunion’s progression. Depending on your particular injury and symptoms, your doctor may recommend the following:
For a more permanent solution that’s intended to eradicate the presence of the condition and restore your mobility, our physicians will perform bunion surgery to remove the unwanted bony growth and re-align the big toe. Your surgeon will customize the procedure based on your needs and anatomy.