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One common type of foot and ankle condition is arthritis. As people age, the cartilage that once served as a shock absorber for the body’s joints begins to wear away. This deterioration causes the ankle and foot bones to rub against each other, resulting in inflammation, pain and stiffness within one or more joints and its surrounding soft tissue.
There are over 100 forms of arthritis that exist, with the small joints of the feet and ankles enduring the condition often.
The three forms of arthritis that most commonly affect the foot and ankle are:
The best way to prevent arthritis is by consistently taking care of your feet and ankles, which involves:
Symptoms of arthritis may develop gradually over time or onset suddenly.Common symptoms include:
The physicians at Kayal Orthopaedic Center provide expert treatment for arthritis. Our specialists diagnose the condition through thorough examination of a patient’s medical history and an evaluation of the patient’s symptoms. Gait analysis, which observes the way that the patient walks, will allow our physicians to better determine the severity and location of the condition, while diagnostic testing, including X-rays, CT scans, MRIs and blood tests, will further confirm the presence of the condition.
Non-surgical techniques can slow the progression of the disease and lessen symptoms. Non-surgical treatment may include anti-inflammatory medication, wearing an ankle-foot orthosis (AFO), or undergoing viscosupplementation. During this procedure, lubrication fluid is injected into the joint, enabling it to move more smoothly.When debilitating arthritis pain still exists after conservative measures, Kayal Orthopaedic Center’s foot and ankle surgeons may recommend minimally invasive ankle arthroscopy, ankle arthrodesis or total ankle replacement. These surgical treatments can return patient’s to their normal daily activities and allow patients to remain active.