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Arthritis means “inflammation of a joint.” In some forms of arthritis, such as osteoarthritis, the inflammation arises because the smooth covering (e.g., articular cartilage) on the ends of bones becomes damaged or worn. Osteoarthritis is commonly found in weight-bearing joints, like the hips or knees. In other forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, the joint lining becomes inflamed as part of a disease process that affects the entire body and usually occurs in the smaller joints of the body.
People of all ages, sexes and races can (and do) have arthritis, and it is the leading cause of disability in America. More than 50 million adults and 300,000 children have some type of arthritis. It is most common among women and occurs more frequently as people get older.
Bursitis, on the other hand, is inflammation of a bursa—a small, fluid-filled sac that acts as a cushion between a bone and muscle, skin, or tendon. There are over 150 bursae in your body, and the type of bursitis depends on the location of the affected bursa. This condition commonly affects the shoulder, outter hip, and knees.
Inflammation of a bursa is caused by repetitive-use injuries, prolonged pressure, lumbar spine diseases, rheumatoid arthritis and, sometimes, infection. It can affect anyone at any age, but is most common in women and the middle-aged.
You can take steps to help prevent arthritis and bursitis, including:
Common arthritis and bursitis symptoms include:
For some, arthritis or bursitis can become completely debilitating.
In order to diagnose you properly, your doctor will consider your symptoms and your medical history, examine your joint(s), and order one or more diagnostic tests. Your doctor may order blood work, X-rays, a CT scan or an MRI to get a clearer view of your painful joint and its condition.Of course, if you experience persistent redness or swelling around the joints, as well as fever or chills, see a doctor immediately to make certain you don’t have an infection.
The specialists at Kayal Orthopaedic Center may recommend different treatment options, depending on the severity of your arthritis or bursitis. If you are still experiencing pain and joint damage that’s affecting your quality of life, even after all other conservative measures have been taken, your doctor may suggest corticosteroid injections or, in more severe cases, orthopaedic surgery to help relieve your pain and restore your mobility, such as total joint replacement.
If you live in Paramus, Ridgewood or the rest of Bergen County, New Jersey, treatment and follow-up care is convenient because Dr. Kayal and his team, who also specialize in sports medicine, work out of offices in Glen Rock, Franklin Lakes and Westwood.