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Diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis involves a thorough physical examination of the affected area and an evaluation of the patient’s medical history. The Kayal Orthopaedic Center physicians will look for specific physical characteristics that indicate the presence of RA.These include:
- Skin. The presence of callouses indicates areas where abnormal pressure is being applied.
- Joint shape. RA weakens ligaments, which causes joint deformities, such as bunions, claw toes, finger angulation, and flat feet to arise.
- Flexibility. A joint’s flexibility directly relates to the stage of the condition. If the joint still has a decent level of flexibility, then the condition is in its early stages. If flexibility is limited or barely present, it’s a good indication that there has been a significant loss of cartilage and the condition has progressed.
- Tenderness. To determine which joints RA has affected and the severity of treatment required, our physicians will apply pressure to specific areas to see which joints react to the pressure and which remain unbothered.
There are other tests the Kayal Orthopaedic Center’s physicians may request to further confirm the affected patient’s diagnosis, including an X-ray, a CT scan, and an MRI scan. A blood test is frequently utilized to test the patient’s blood for certain autoimmune markers.